The New Official Site (under construction) of Badrul Khan's E-Learning Framework is located at

A Framework for E-Learning
Khan's elearning model

The seeds for the e-Learning Framework
began germinating with the question
What does it take to provide the best and most meaningful flexible learning environments for learners worldwide?
                           Badrul H. Khan

Badrul Khan teaches month-long e-learning courses with discounted rate of US $99
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    Second Life
  • An Instititutional Checklist for Second Life using the E-Learning Framework. More ...

    About the Framework ...

  • Badrul Khan describes the dimensions of the e-learning framework Badrul Khan describes the dimensions of the e-learning framework
    Copyright information:
    May be freely copied or excerpted for educational purposes with credit to the author.
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    Acknowledgement | Audience | A Complete List of e-Learning Dimensions and Sub-dimensions | PowerPoint Presentation Slides on the Framework | Khan speaking on Enterprise Performance Solution (Video) | Khan serves as a panelist (video) for PEDAGOGY 202 FOR DISTANCE LEARNING: MEASURING WHAT MATTERS. (Video) | Khan's Keynote Presentations on the Framework | One-Page Flyer for the Framework | Comments on the framework by individuals involved in distance learning
    Research Studies, Articles, reports, Interviews, Weblogs, Presentations using the Framework ...
    Research Studies using the Framework | Media Interviews | Online Journals - Newspapers articles or reports using the Framework | Books containing chapters on the Framework| Sites Using the Framework | Building Effective Blended Learning Programs Using Khan's Framework by Harvey Singh | Reports using the Framework | Weblogs with reference to articles using the Framework | Framework used by others in their Presentations | Articles citing Badrul Khan. | Framework used as Faculty Development Model. | Plans for Virtual Education or eLearning | OMNI - A Content Development Tool (SCORM & Section 508 Compliant) using the Framework | E-Learning P3 Model People-Process-Product Model | Planning Committee WebCT
    Scholar Google Search for the Framework.
    Badrul Khan's Recent Books Based on the Framework

    Flexible Learning Book by Badrul Khan  Managing E-Learning Book by Badrul Khan  E-Learning QUICK Checklist Book by Badrul Khan  Web-Based Training Book by Badrul Khan  Web-Based Instruction Book by Badrul Khan 
    Italian version Book by Badrul Khan  Korean version Book by Badrul Khan  Arabic version Book by Badrul Khan  Chinese version Book by Badrul Khan  Slovakian version Book by Badrul Khan
    Khan's E-LEARNING books in Arabic, Chinese, Korean, Italian, Slovak versions are available now. Other language versions are coming soon!

    There are numerous names for open, flexible and distributed learning activities, including
    E-Learning, Web-Based Learning (WBL), Web-Based Instruction (WBI), Web-Based Training (WBT), Internet-Based Training (IBT), Distributed Learning (DL), Advanced Distributed Learning (ADL), Distance Learning, Online Learning (OL), Mobile Learning (or m-Learning) or Nomadic Learning, Remote Learning, Off-site Learning, a-Learning (anytime, anyplace, anywhere learning), etc.

    Design, development, implementation and evaluation of open, flexible and distributed learning systems require thoughtful analysis and investigation of how to use the attributes and resources of the Internet and digital technologies in concert with instructional design principles and issues important to various dimensions of online learning environments.

    After reflecting on various factors important to open, flexible and distributed learning environments, I developed A Framework for E-learning. These factors can encompass various online learning issues, including: pedagogical, technological, interface design, evaluation, management, resource support, ethical and institutional. Various factors discussed in the eight dimensions of the framework can provide guidance in the design, development, delivery and evaluation of flexible, open and distance learning environments.

    The E-Learning Framework was reviewed by scholars and practitioners from various countries around the globe, including USA, Canada, UK, Australia, New Zealand, Netherlands, South Africa, Turkey, Korea and China.

    The E-Learning framework has the potential to provide guidance in

    1. planning and designing e-learning materials,
    2. organizing resources for e-learning environment,
    3. designing distributed learning systems, corporate universities, virtual universities and cyberschools,
    4. designing LMS, LCMS and comprehensive authoring systems (e.g., Omni),
    5. evaluating e-learning courses, and programs.
    6. evaluating e-learning authoring tools/systems, LMS and LCMS.
    7. designing and evaluating blended learning environments

    Chapter 8 of my Web-Based Training book discusses the E-Learning Framework in more detail.
    Framwork for E-Learning Dimensions
    The E-LEARNING Framework

    Badrul Khan describes the dimensions of the e-learning framework Play Video

    1. The pedagogical dimension of E-learning refers to teaching and learning. This dimension addresses issues concerning content analysis, audience analysis, goal analysis, media analysis, design approach, organization and methods and strategies of e-learning environments.
    2. The technological dimension of the E-Learning Framework examines issues of technology infrastructure in e-learning environments. This includes infrastructure planning, hardware and software.
    3. The interface design refers to the overall look and feel of e-learning programs. Interface design dimension encompasses page and site design, content design, navigation, and usability testing.
    4. The evaluation for e-learning includes both assessment of learners and evaluation of the instruction and learning environment.
    5. The management of e-learning refers to the maintenance of learning environment and distribution of information.
    6. The resource support dimension of the E-Learning Framework examines the online support and resources required to foster meaningful learning environments.
    7. The ethical considerations of e-learning relate to social and political influence, cultural diversity, bias, geographical diversity, learner diversity, information accessibility, etiquette, and the legal issues.
    8. The institutional dimension is concerned with issues of administrative affairs, academic affairs and student services related to e-learning.
      here for the most updated and complete list of e-Learning Dimensions and Sub-dimensions.

    E-Learning Framework Audience

    1. Instructors, Teachers, Trainers, Training Managers, Distance Education Specialists, E-Learning Specialists, Virtual Education Specialists, E-Learning Project Managers, Instructional Designers, Corporate Education Specialists, Human Resources Specialists, Performance Technologists, Educational Technology Coordinators, Media Specialist, Webmasters, Writers/Editors and Technical Support Staff can use the framework to plan, design, evaluate and implement e-learning modules, courses and programs.

    2. Virtual/Corporate University Designers can use the framework to plan, design, evaluate and implement corporate/virtual universities.

    3. School Administrators, Higher Education Administrators, Department of Education Staff, Ministry of Education Staff, Virtual and Corporate University Administrators, Human Resources Managers and Consultants can use the framework to develop strategic plans for designing, evaluating and implementing e-learning initiatives.

      and ...

    4. Anyone contemplating a career in training and development, curriculum planning, and Internet applications can use the framework to learn about e-learning design strategies.

    When I presented the WBL framework at the Utah State University (USU) in 1997, Professor David Merrill of USU encouraged me by saying he would definitely use the WBL framework for designing Web-based instruction. I really like to thank David Merrill for his encouragement and early endorsement. I would like to thank students at the University of Texas at Brownsville, George Washington University, George Mason University and Towson University who used the WBL framework as part of their coursework to review existing Web-based instruction and training courses. Their comments and suggestions were very useful. I would also like to thank participants in my various keynote and invited addresses for their insightful comments and suggestions about the framework. Finally, I would like to thank the following for their critical review of the framework:
      • Greg Kearsley, consultant, USA
      • Betty Collis, University of Twente, Netherlands
      • Som Naidu, University of Melbourne, Australia
      • Robin Mason, The Open University, England
      • Ali Ekrem Ozkul, Anadolu University, Turkey
      • Jianwei zhang, Tsinghua University, China
      • Brenda Bannan-Ritland, George Mason University
      • Myunghee Kang, Ewha Womans University, Korea
      • Sanjaya Mishra, Commonwealth Educational Media Centre for Asia, India
      • Alex and Lani Romiszowsky, Brazil
      • Reynold Macpherson, The University of Auckland, New Zealand
      • Herman Van Der Merwe, South Africa
      • Jeroen van Merrienboer, Open University of the Netherlands
      • Charlotte N. (Lani) Gunawardena, University of New Mexico
      • Walter Wager, Florida State University
      • Amy Holloway, World Bank
      • Thomas Reeves, University of Georgia
      • Janette Hill, University of Georgia
      • Philip Doughty, Syracuse University
      • Nada Dabbagh, George Mason University
      • Joanne Williams, University of Texas
      • Zane Berge, University of Maryland
      • David Peal, consultant, USA.
      • Harvi Singh, e-Learning consultant, USA.

    . Badrul H. Khan. All rights reserved. May be freely copied or excerpted for educational purposes with credit to the author. Download Framework Image 400x400 (82.8 KB) | 300x300 (53.9 KB) | 200x200 (27.8 KB) Contact